Q: What are the promotion models for the recycling of construction waste?
A: PPP mode. PPP (Public-private Partnership), the public-private partnership model, under this model, the government encourages private enterprises to participate in the construction of construction waste recycling projects, but does not transfer all the responsibility for construction waste recycling projects to enterprises, but the government departments introduce Social capital, joint design and development, joint risk-taking, cooperation in the whole process, and then handed over to the government after the expiration of the period. The government and enterprise should firstly clarify the shared responsibilities and risks through agreement, and secondly clarify the rights and obligations of each party in each process link of the project, so as to maximize the play. Compared with a single BOT, the main feature of PPP is that the government is more deeply involved in the construction management and operation process in the middle and later stages of the project, and the enterprise is more involved in the early stage of the project, such as scientific research and project approval. Both the government and enterprises are involved in the whole process, the cooperation time between the two sides is longer, and the information is more symmetrical.
BOT mode under PPP. BOT is a build-operate-transfer model, which is an important way for government departments to introduce social capital to participate in infrastructure construction. The government department where the project is located shall sign a concession agreement with the enterprise on the construction waste recycling project, and grant the contracted enterprise to undertake the investment, financing, construction and maintenance of the project, and within the concession period stipulated in the agreement, permit it to finance the construction and operation of construction waste Resource projects, recycle investment and earn profits. When the concession period expires, the contracted enterprise will hand over the construction waste recycling project to the government department free or paid.
BOO mode under PPP. BOO is the build-own-operate model. The specific method is that the enterprise builds and operates the construction waste recycling project according to the concession granted by the government, but does not hand over the project to the government department. Under this model, government departments save a lot of financial, material and human resources, and enterprises can also obtain long-term returns from the construction and operation of construction waste recycling projects.
Q: What are the implementation points of construction waste recycling?
A: Clarify the public welfare of construction waste recycling projects: Promoting the recycling of construction waste is in accordance with the requirements of the “13th Five-Year Plan”, adhering to the basic national policy of saving resources and protecting the environment, adhering to the “innovation, coordination, green, open, The development concept of “sharing” is an important measure to build a resource-saving and environment-friendly society, and comprehensively save and efficiently utilize resources. Recycling construction waste can not only create good economic benefits, but also bring huge environmental and social benefits to the public. Therefore, the construction waste recycling project is a project with social welfare attributes, which should be clearly defined when the project is approved. , which will help the project to land as soon as possible and release its benefits.
Defining the nature of land use for construction waste recycling projects: Since construction waste recycling projects belong to public welfare industries, according to the current “Classification of Current Status of Land Use”, the nature of its construction land is “land for public management and public services”, and the secondary classification is “land for public management and public services”. land for public facilities”. In view of this, according to the different project construction modes, the land price and supporting costs can be selected in the following two ways: the BOT mode under PPP, where the land price is allocated free of charge and all supporting costs are exempted; the BOO mode under PPP is in accordance with the regulations of the Ministry of Land and Resources. The lowest price is executed, and all supporting fees are waived.
Supporting policies: Implement the charging policy for construction waste disposal. “In key areas such as environmental public facilities and industrial parks, implement a third-party governance model for environmental pollution”, “improve the charging policy for sewage and garbage disposal, and appropriately increase the charging standard”;
accelerate the formulation of relevant policies to promote the application of green building materials. In September 2015, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development jointly issued the “Action Plan for Promoting the Production and Application of Green Building Materials” to promote the steady growth of the building materials industry, adjust the structure, change the way, improve people’s livelihood, and better serve the new towns and green building development; strengthen construction waste management.
In order to increase the proportion of construction waste recycling and improve the operation efficiency of construction waste recycling projects, it is necessary to strengthen governance to ensure the closed operation of the industrial chain of construction waste dismantling, transportation, recycling and reuse; establish a “green channel” to promote the project . Construction waste recycling projects involve land, environmental protection, construction, municipal, planning, finance, transportation and other departments. Local governments should set up project leading groups and promotion offices to strengthen coordination and guidance, and establish a “one-stop” service “green” Channels” to speed up the handling of various administrative approvals, including franchise rights, production licenses, transportation licenses and other types of qualification certificates, to ensure the smooth progress of project construction and operation.